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Salkhov, Oiler, Valley

Salchow. Usually the first jump for beginners. The approach from the arc back and forth, a push with the swing of the free leg around the body. Named after the Swedish skater Ulrich Salchow, who first performed this jump in 1909. In 1920, an American woman Teresa Veld jumped for the first time, but the judges decided that the jump was not suitable for the lady, because the skirt lifted above the knees. The fourth Salchow was first performed by Timothy Gable in 1998. And in 2002, the quadruple salchow performed by the skater Miki Ando became the only female quadruple in history.

Takeoff – running back to the left side, on the right foot backward – outward with the transition to the left foot forward – outward, turning left to move backward – inward. The right leg and arm stretch back in the direction of movement. Upper body twisting
Push – pushing from the arc backward – inward, free arm and leg make a strong swing around the body in the direction of rotation (counterclockwise).
Flying – grouping – hands are clenched in fists and pressed to the chest, the left leg is pulled to the right.
Landing – back and forth on the right leg, arms straightened to the side.

Common mistakes:
1. The lack or excess of speed. In the first case, the error leads to low altitude and a small forward span, in the second to uncoordination of actions in other phases.
2. Excessive tilt of the hull forward from the vertical axis on the collision arc.
1. Insufficient curvature of the push arc towards rotation, for which there is no “V” sign – a check mark in the figure at the time of repulsion from the ice.
2. Early twisting of the upper body relative to the lower, ie the shoulders are turned forward, and the free leg continues to look back at the repulsion arc.
3. Touching the free foot with ice before pushing it away.
4. Swing motion with the right hand and foot is not performed simultaneously.
1. The lack of density groups. The farther the links of the body (arms, left leg) are from the vertical axis (body, right leg), the more difficult it is to twist the required number of revolutions.
2. Tilt the chassis forward before ungrouping.
1. Landing on the whole horse. This leads to additional stress on the ankle, knee and hip joints and tipping over.
2. Excessive tilt of the body forward at the moment the ice touches the tooth, leading to a fall forward.
3. Untimely ungrouping (torsion) at the moment of touching the ice, the shoulders look forward or even to the left.


Elements not from the list are called jumps, bounces, connecting steps and other elements that are not indicated in the list of prescribed elements in figure skating, and, accordingly, the cost of execution. The only example of an exception here is Oiler.

Oiler – 1Lo (only for cascades)

Oiler is a one-turn jump that looks like a rittberger. However, landing here occurs on the fly leg. Commonly used as an intermediate jump in front of a salchow, ritberber or flip. It can be used as a connecting step in the competition program. An oiler (with landing a turn back) when used in cascades / combinations is considered as a jump from the List with the cost of a single Rittberger.

The run-up is the “Rietberg triple” on the right foot back-out-front-inward with the transition to the left foot back-in, a wide step with the right foot to the side, the left leg is crossed in front of the right.
Push – pushing backward and outward from the arc, strong, free swing with hands counterclockwise while turning the body, strong swing with the free (left) foot in the direction of rotation.
Flying – the arms are straightened to the side, the left leg is straightened forward, the right leg is almost straightened back.
Landing – back and forth on the left leg, the right leg and arm are straightened back, the left arm is fixed in front.


Valley comes from the English word “valley”, which means “valley”, due to the characteristic pattern remaining on the ice when performing the jump. Due to the negative direction of rotation of the body in flight, it is extremely difficult to complete this jump in two or more turns. Valley can be used as a connecting step in the competition program. There is a variety of Valleys – the Tsako jump, which, unlike Valley, is performed from the outer rib.

Take-off – hauling back-out-back-in on the right foot, the body curls to the right, the left leg stretches back to the right foot. The left hand is in front, the right one is slightly laid back.
The push – occurs from the inner rib with a sharp rotational movement of all parts of the body (arms, legs) to the left.
Flying – grouping – hands are clenched in fists and pressed to the chest, the left leg is pressed or almost pressed to the right leg on the side.
Landing – back and forth on the right leg, arms straightened to the side.

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